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Yuri Averbakh is confirmed dead at the age of 100.

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Yuri was best known as a Russian chess grandmaster and author.
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Yuri Averbakh
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Yuri Averbakh
Averbakh at his 80th birthday in 2002
Full nameYuri Lvovich Averbakh
CountrySoviet Union → Russia
Born(1922-02-08)8 February 1922
Kaluga, Russian SFSR
Died7 May 2022(2022-05-07) (aged 100)
Moscow, Russian Federation
TitleGrandmaster (1952)
FIDE rating2445 (May 2022)
Peak rating2550 (July 1971)
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Russian: Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; 8 February 1922 – 7 May 2022) was a Russian chess grandmaster and author. He was chairman of the USSR Chess Federation from 1973 to 1978. He is the first centenarian FIDE Grandmaster. Despite his eyesight and hearing having worsened, he continued to devote time to chess-related activities.
1 Life and career
1.1 Tournament successes
1.2 Playing style
1.3 Writings
1.4 Openings contributions
2 Honours and awards
3 Books
4 Notes
5 References
6 See also
7 External links
Life and career
Averbakh was born in Kaluga, Russia. His father was German Jewish, and his ancestors came from Germany and were named Auerbach, meaning "meadow brook". His mother was Russian. Both sets of grandparents disapproved of their marriage because his father was likely an atheist and his mother was Eastern Orthodox, as well as the fact that his maternal grandmother died very young so his mother was expected to look after the family. Averbakh himself calls himself a fatalist.
Tournament successes
His first major success was the first place in the Moscow Championship of 1949, ahead of players including Andor Lilienthal, Yakov Estrin and Vladimir Simagin. He became an international grandmaster in 1952. In 1954 he won the USSR Championship ahead of players including Mark Taimanov, Viktor Korchnoi, Tigran Petrosian, Efim Geller and Salo Flohr. In the 1956 Championship, he came equal first with Taimanov and Boris Spassky in the main event, finishing second after the playoff. Later Averbakh's daughter, Jane, would marry Taimanov. Averbakh's other major tournament victories included Vienna 1961 and Moscow 1962. He qualified for the 1953 Candidates' Tournament (the last stage to determine the challenger to the World Chess Champion), finishing joint tenth of the fifteen participants. He also qualified for the 1958 Interzonal tournament at Portorož, by finishing in fourth place at the 1958 USSR Championship at Riga. At Portorož, he wound up in a tie for seventh through eleventh places, half a point short of advancing to the Candidates' Tournament. He played in the 1993 Maccabiah Games in Israel, coming in fourth.
Playing style
His solid style was difficult for many pure attackers to overcome, as he wrote:
He had plus records against the world champions Max Euwe and Tigran Petrosian.
Averbakh is also a major endgame study theorist. He has published more than 100 studies, many of which have made notable contributions to endgame theory. In 1956 he was given by FIDE the title of International Judge of Chess Compositions and in 1969 that of International Arbiter.
Averbakh was also an important chess journalist and author. He edited the Soviet chess periodicals Shakhmaty v SSSR and Shakhmatny Bulletin. From 1956 to 1962 he edited (with Vitaly Chekhover and others) a four-volume anthology on the endgame, Shakhmatnye okonchaniya (revised in 1980-84 and translated as Comprehensive Chess Endings, in five volumes).
Openings contributions
This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.
Averbakh is the eponym of several opening variations.
King's Indian Defence: Averbakh variation (E73): 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Be2 0-0 6.Bg5
King's Indian Defence: semi-Averbakh system (E73): 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Be2 0-0 6.Be3
Modern Defense: Averbakh variation (A42): 1.d4 g6 2.c4 Bg7 3.Nc3 d6 4.e4
Honours and awards
Honored Master of Sports of the USSR
Order of Friendship of Peoples (1981)
Medal "For Labour Valour" (1957)
Medal "For Distinguished Labour" (1970)
Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin" (1970)
Russian Imperial Family: Knight Commander of the Imperial Order of Saint Stanislaus
Order of Honor
Comprehensive Chess Endings 1: Bishop Endings, Knight Endings by Averbakh and Chekhover, 1983, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-503-2
Comprehensive Chess Endings 2: Bishop vs Knight Endings, Rook vs Minor Piece Endings, 1985, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-504-0
Comprehensive Chess Endings 3: Queen Endings, 1986, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-505-9
Comprehensive Chess Endings 4: Pawn Endings, with Ilya Maizelis, 1987, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-506-7
Comprehensive Chess Endings 5: Rook Endings, 1987, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-507-5
Chess Tactics for Advanced Players, 1985, Pergamon, ISBN 4-87187-508-3
Chess Tactics for Advanced Players, 2008, Lebate, ISBN 978-0-87568-219-8
A History of Chess from Chaturanga to the Present Day, 2012, Russell Enterprises, ISBN 978-1-936490-44-8
Journey to the Chess Kingdom, with Mark Beilin, 2014, Chess Evolution, ISBN 978-83-934656-6-8
Centre-Stage and Behind the Scenes: A Personal Memoir, 2011, New In Chess, ISBN 978-9056913649
Chess Middlegames: Essential Knowledge
Averbakh's Selected Games
Rook v Minor Piece Endings
The World Chess Championship, with Mark Taimanov
Small Chess Dictionary
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