Stanisław Kania (Polish pronunciation: ; 8 March 1927 – 3 March 2020) was a Polish communist politician.
Life and career
Kania joined the Polish Workers' Party in 1945 when the Germans were driven out by the Red Army and Polish Communists began to take control of the country. After Edward Gierek was forced to resign as General Secretary amidst much social and economic unrest, Kania was elected his successor on 6 September 1980. He admitted that the party had made many economic mistakes, and advocated working with Catholic and trade unionist opposition groups. He met with Solidarity Union leader Lech Wałęsa, and other critics of the party. He was succeeded by Prime Minister Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski. In 2012, he was tried for his role in the martial law crackdown in 1981, but acquitted.
Kania died on 3 March 2020 of pneumonia and heart failure, 5 days before his 93rd birthday.
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