Sanjiv Sam Gambhir is confirmed dead at the age of 57.
Sanjiv was best known as a Indian-born American physician.
Death was likely due to cancer.
Sanjiv Sam Gambhir
SSG Beard.jpg
Born(1962-11-23)November 23, 1962
Ambala, India
DiedJuly 18, 2020(2020-07-18) (aged 57)
Alma materArizona State University (B.S.), University of California, Los Angeles (M.D. & Ph.D.)
Known forMolecular Imaging, Nuclear Medicine, PET-CT, and Early Cancer Detection
AwardsInstitute of Medicine (IOM) of the US National Academies (2008)

American Association for the Advancement of Science (2014)

National Academy of Inventors (2015)
Scientific career
FieldsNuclear Medicine, Radiology, and Bioengineering
InstitutionsStanford University
Academic advisorsM.E. Phelps, S.C. Huang, and H.R. Herschman
Sanjiv Sam Gambhir (born November 23, 1962 - July 18, 2020) was an American physician-scientist. He was the Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Professor in Cancer Research, Chairman of the Department of Radiology at Stanford University School of Medicine, and a professor by courtesy in the departments of Bioengineering and Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. Additionally, he served as the Director of the Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS), Canary Center at Stanford for Cancer Early Detection and the Precision Health and Integrated Diagnostics Center (PHIND). He authored 680 publications and had over 40 patents pending or granted. His work was featured on the cover of over 25 journals including the Nature Series, Science, and Science Translational Medicine. He was on the editorial board of several journals including Nano Letters, Nature Clinical Practice Oncology, and Science Translational Medicine. He was founder/co-founder of several biotechnology companies and also served on the scientific advisory board of multiple companies. He mentored over 150 post-doctoral fellows and graduate students from over a dozen disciplines. He was known for his work in molecular imaging of living subjects and early cancer detection.
1 Personal
2 Education and employment
3 Honors and awards
4 Research focus
5 Major contributions
6 Selected publications
7 References
8 External links
Gambhir was born in Ambala, India and moved to the US with his parents and sister in 1969. He was raised in Phoenix, Arizona. He was married to Aruna Bodapati Gambhir and lived in the Bay Area. He died in 2020. His son, Milan Gambhir, was born in 1998 and passed away from a glioblastoma in 2015.
Education and employment
Gambhir was a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Arizona State University where he received his BS in Physics. He then entered the combined M.D-Ph.D. Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and received his MD, and his PhD in biomathematics.
His first academic appointment was in 1994, at UCLA, as an Assistant Professor of Molecular & Medical Pharmacology. He was a Clinical Attending in the Nuclear Medicine Department at the Center for Health Sciences at UCLA starting in 1997. He was appointed tenure Professorship at UCLA in 2003. In 2003, he moved to Stanford University and was appointed Professor of Radiology, Head of Nuclear Medicine, Director of the Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS), Director of the Precision Health and Integrated Diagnostics (PHIND) Center, Division Chief of the Canary Center for Cancer Early Detection, and Member of the Bio-X Program. He became the Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Professor for Clinical Investigation in Cancer Research, which is an Endowed Professorship in 2009. He was appointed the Chair of Radiology in August 2011.
Honors and awards
Gambhir received the following:
Taplin Award
Holst Medal
Academy of Molecular Imaging (AMI) Distinguished Basic Scientist of the Year Award
Society for Molecular Imaging (SMI) Achievement Award
Distinguished Clinical Scientist Award from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation
Hounsfield Medal (Imperial College London)
Fellowship of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE)
Paul C. Aebersold Award
Organizer and Co-Chair for the Nobel Symposium in Imaging (2008)
Inducted as a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI)
Tesla Medal
Elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the US National Academies
Parmley Prize
Radiological Society of North American (RSNA)
Outstanding Researcher Award
Gopal Subramanian Lifetime Achievement Award
George Charles de Hevesy Nuclear Pioneer Award
Aunt Minnie Award
Distinguished Scientist Award for Distinguished Contributions to Nuclear Medicine
Society of Asian American Scientists in Cancer Research Award
American Association of Indian Scientists in Cancer Research Lifetime Achievement Award
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow Award
J. Allyn Taylor International Prize in Medicine
National Academy of Inventors
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Basic Science Teaching Award
Benedict Cassen Prize for Research in Molecular Imaging
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Marie Sklodowska-Curie Award - IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity
Research focus
His research focused on the development of imaging assays to monitor fundamental cellular/molecular events in living subjects with an emphasis on the detection and management of cancer. A particular interest of his research and lab was early cancer detection including combining in vivo and in vitro diagnostics.
Major contributions
PET reporter gene technology, multimodality reporter genes, imaging of gene/cell therapies, imaging of the immune system, imaging of intracellular events in living subjects (e.g., protein-protein interactions), bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) in living subjects, nanoparticle based imaging, Raman imaging in vivo and photoacoustic molecular imaging with novel imaging agents in living subjects. Decision Management Models for the use of FDG PET in cancer.
Selected publications
Haywood T., Beinat C., Gowrishankar, Patel C.B., Alam I.S., Murty S., Gambhir S.S. Positron Emission Tomography Reporter Gene Strategy for Use in the Central Nervous System. PNAS USA. 116(23): 11402–11407, 2019. PMCID: PMC6561252
Vermesh O., Aalipour A., Ge J., Saenz Y., Guo Y., Park S., Mitsutake Y., Bachmann M., Ooi C.C., Lyons J.K., Mueller K., Arami H., Green A., Wang S.X., Gambhir S.S. (2018). "An Intravascular Magnetic Wire for High-Throughput In Vivo Enrichment of Rare Circulating Cancer Biomarkers". Nature Biomedical Engineering. 2 (9): 696–705. doi:10.1038/s41551-018-0257-3. PMC 6261517. PMID 30505627.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Mayer A.T., Gambhir S.S. (2018). "Reply: Optimizing Strategies for Immune Checkpoint Imaging with Immuno-PET in Preclinical Study". Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 59 (4): 711–712. doi:10.2967/jnumed.117.205153. PMID 29348318.
Hoehne A.; James, M.L.; Alam, I.S.;, Ronald, J.A.; Schneider, B.; D’Souza, A.; Witney, T.H.; Andrews, L.E.; Cropper, H.C.; Behera, D.; Gowrishankar, G.; Ding, Z.; Wyss-Coray, T.; Chin, F.T.; Biswal, S.; Gambhir, S.S. (Feb. 2018). FSPG-PET Reveals Increased Cystine/Glutamate Antiporter (xc-) Activity in a Mouse Model of Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 15(1): 55.
Alam I.S., Mayer A.T., Sagiv-Barfi I, Wang K., Vermesh O., Czerwinski D.K., Johnson E.M., James M.L., Levy R., Gambhir S.S. (2018). "Imaging Activated T Cells Predicts Response To Cancer Vaccines" (PDF). Journal of Clinical Investigation. 128 (6): 2569–2580. doi:10.1172/jci98509. PMC 5983309. PMID 29596062.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Sagiv-Barfi I, Czerwinski D.K., Levy S., Alam I.S., Mayer A.T., Gambhir , Levy R. (2018). "Eradication of Spontaneous Malignancy by Local Immunotherapy". Science Translational Medicine. 10 (426): 426. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aan4488. PMC 5997264. PMID 29386357.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Hori, S.S.; A.M. Lutz; R. Paulmurugan; S.S. Gambhir. (March 2017). A Model-Based Personalized Cancer Screening Strategy for Early Detection Nature Biomedical Engineering 1(0062): 1–3.
Keu K.V.; Witney T.H.; Yaghoubi S.; Rosenberg J.; Kurien A.; Magnusson R.; Williams J.; Habte F.; Wagner j.R.; Forman S.; Brown C.; Allen-Auerbach M.; Czernin J.; Tang W.; Jensen M.C.; Badie B.; Gambhir S.S. (January 2017). Reporter gene imaging of targeted T cell immunotherapy in recurrent glioma. Science Translational Medicine 9, eaag2196.
Park S-M.; Wong D.J.; Ooi C.; Kurtz D.M.;, Vermesh O.; Aailpour A.; Suh S.; Pian K.L.; Chabon J.J.; Lee S.H.; Jamali M.; Say C.; Carter J.N.; Lee L.P.; Kuschner W.G.; Schwartz E.J.; Shrager J.B.; Neal J.W.; Wakelle H.A.; Diehn M.; Nair V.S.; Wang S.X. and Gambhir S.S. (Dec. 2016, early ed.). Molecular profiling of single circulating tumor cells from lung cancer patients. PNAS
Weissleder R, Schwaiger MC, Gambhir SS, Hricak H. (2016). "". Science Translational Medicine. 8 (355): 355ps16. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf3936. PMID 27605550.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link).
Maute R.L., Gordon S.R., Mayer A.T., McCracken M.N., Natarajan A., Ring N.G., Kimura R., Tsai J.M., Manglik A., Kruse A.C., Gambhir S.S., Weissman I.L., Ring A.M. Engineering High-Affinity PD-1 Variants for Optimized Immunotherapy and Immun-PET Imaging. PNAS USA. 112(47): E6506-14, 2015. PMCID: PMC4664306
Inci F., Filippini C., Baday M., Ozen M.O., Calamak S., Dumus N.G., Wang S., Hanhauser E., Hobbs K.S., Juillard F., Kuang P.P., Vetter M.L., Carocci M., Yamamoto H.S., Takahi Y., Yildiz U.H., Akin D., Wesemann D.R., Singhal S., Yang P.L., Nibert M.L., Fichorova R.N., Lau D.T., Henrich T.J., Kaye K.M., Schachter S.C., Kurtizkes D.R., Steinmetz L.M., Gambhir S.S. Davis R.W. Demirci U. Multitarget, Quantitative Nanoplasmonic Electrical Field-Enhanced Resonating Device (NE2RD) for Diagnostics. PNAS USA. 112(32): E4354-63, 2015. PMCID: PMC4538635
Witney T.H.; James M.L.; Shen B.; Chang E.; Pohling C.; Arksey N.; Hoehne A.; Shuhendler A.; Park J.H.; Bodapati D.; Weber J.; Gowrishankar G.; Rao J.; Chin F.T.; Gambhir S.S. (Oct 2015). "PET Imaging of Tumor Glycolysis Downstream of Hexokinase Through Noninvasive Measurement of Pyruvate Kinase M2" (PDF). Science Translational Medicine. 7 (310): 310. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aac6117. PMID 26491079.
Ronald J.A.; Chuang H.Y.; Dragulescu-Andrasi A.; Hori S.S.; Gambhir S.S. (2015). "Detecting Cancers Through Tumor-Activatable Minicircles That Lead to a Detectable Blood Biomarker". PNAS USA. 112 (10): 3068–73. Bibcode:2015PNAS..112.3068R. doi:10.1073/pnas.1414156112. PMC 4364239. PMID 25713388.
Pan Y.; Volkmer J.P.; Mach K.E.; Rouse R.V.; Sahoo D.; Chang T.C.; Metzner T.J.; de Rijn M.; Skinner E.C; Gambhir S.S.; Weissman I.L.; Liao J.C. (2014). "Endoscopic Molecular Imaging of Human Bladder Cancer Using a CD47 Antibody". Science Translational Medicine. 6 (260): 260. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3009457. PMID 25355698.
Smith, B.R.; E.E.B Ghosn; H. Rallapalli; J.A. Prescher; T. Larson; L.A. Herzenberg; S.S. Gambhir (2014). "Selective uptake of single-walled carbon nanotubes by circulating monocytes for enhanced tumor delivery". Nature Nanotechnology. 9 (6): 481–487. Bibcode:2014NatNa...9..481S. doi:10.1038/nnano.2014.62. PMC 4236538. PMID 24727688.
Pu, K.; A.J. Shuhendler; J.V. Jokerst; J. Mei; S.S. Gambhir; Z. Bao; J. Rao (2014). "Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles as Photoacoustic Molecular Imaging Probes in Living Mice". Nature Nanotechnology. 9 (3): 233–9. Bibcode:2014NatNa...9..233P. doi:10.1038/nnano.2013.302. PMC 3947658. PMID 24463363.
Bohndiek, S.E.; A. Wagadarikar; C.L. Zavaleta; D. Van de Sompel; E. Garai; J.V. Jokerst; S. Yazdanfar; S.S. Gambhir (2013). "A Small Animal Raman Instrument for Rapid, Wide-Area, Spectroscopic Imaging". PNAS USA. 110 (30): 12408–13. Bibcode:2013PNAS..11012408B. doi:10.1073/pnas.1301379110. PMC 3725059. PMID 23821752.
Zavaleta, C.; E. Garai; J.T. Liu; S. Sensam; M.J. Mandella; D. Van de Sompel; S. Friedland; J. Van Dam; C.H. Contag; S.S. Gambhir (2013). "A Raman-Based Endoscopic Strategy for Multiplexed Molecular Imaging". PNAS USA. 110 (25): E2288-97. Bibcode:2013PNAS..110E2288Z. doi:10.1073/pnas.1211309110. PMC 3690865. PMID 23703909.
Jokerst, J.; C. Khademi; S.S. Gambhir (2013). "Intracellular Aggregation of Multimodal Silica Nanoparticles for Ultrasound-Guided Stem Cell Implantation". Science Translational Medicine. 5 (177): 177ra35. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3005228. PMC 3839309. PMID 23515077.
Ziv, K.; S.S. Gambhir (2013). "Bioengineering and Regenerative Medicine: Keeping Track". Nature Materials. 12 (3): 180–1. Bibcode:2013NatMa..12..180Z. doi:10.1038/nmat3579. PMID 23422714.
Chan, C.T.; R.E. Reeves; R. Geller; S.S. Yaghoubi; A. Hoehne; D.E. Solow-Cordero; G. Chiosis; T.F. Massoud; R. Paulmurugan; S.S. Gambhir (2012). "Discovery and Validation of Small-Molecule Heat-Shock Protein 90 Inhibitors Through Multimodality Molecular Imaging in Living Subjects". PNAS USA. 109 (37): E2476-85. doi:10.1073/pnas.1205459109. PMC 3443147. PMID 22895790.
Kircher, M.F.; A. de la Zerda; J.V. Jokerst; C.L. Zavaleta; P.J. Kempson; E. Mittra; R. Huang; C. Campos; F. Habte; R. Sinclair; C.W. Brennan; I.K. Mellinghoff; E.C. Holland; S.S. Gambhir (April 2012). "A Brain Tumor Molecular Imaging Strategy Using a New Triple-Modality MRI-Photoacoustic-Raman Nanoparticle". Nature Medicine. 18 (5): 829–34. doi:10.1038/nm.2721. PMC 3422133. PMID 22504484.
Dragulescu-Andrasi A., Chan C.T., De A., Massoud T., Gambhir S.S. Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer (BRET) Imaging of Protein-Protein Interactions Within Deep Tissues of Living Subjects. PNAS USA. 108(29): 12060–5, 2011. PMCID: PMC3141927
Kircher MF, Gambhir SS, Grimm J (2011). "Noninvasive cell-tracking methods". Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 8 (11): 677–88. doi:10.1038/nrclinonc.2011.141. PMID 21946842.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)]
Hori, S.S.; S.S. Gambhir (November 2011). "Mathematical Model Identifies Blood Biomarker-Based Early Cancer Detection Strategies and Limitations". Science Translational Medicine. 3 (109): 109ra116. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3003110. PMC 3423335. PMID 22089452.
Thakor, A.; R. Luong; R. Paulmurugan; F. Lin; P. Kempen; C. Zavaleta; P. Chu; T.F. Massoud; R. Sinclair; S.S. Gambhir (April 2011). "The Fate and Toxicity of Raman-Active Silica-Gold Nanoparticles in Mice. (Cover Article)". Science Translational Medicine. 3 (79): 79ra33. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3001963. PMC 3873137. PMID 21508310.
Dragulescu-Andrasi, A.; C.T. Chan; A. De; T.F. Massoud; S.S. Gambhir (July 2011). "Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer (BRET) Imaging of Protein-Protein Interactions within Deep Tissues of Living Subjects". PNAS. 108 (20): 12060–5. Bibcode:2011PNAS..10812060D. doi:10.1073/pnas.1100923108. PMC 3141927. PMID 21730157.
Gaster, R.; D. Hall; C. Nielsen; S. Osterfeld; H. Yu; K. Mach; R. Wilson; B. Murmann; J. Liao; S.S. Gambhir; S. Wang (August 2010). "Matrix-insensitive Protein Assays Push the Limits of Biosensors in Medicine". Nature Medicine. 15 (11): 1327–32. doi:10.1038/nm.2032. PMC 4165514. PMID 19820717.
Fan-Minogue H., Cao Z., Paulmurugan R., Chan C.T., Massoud T.F., Felsher D.W., Gambhir S.S. Non-Invasive Molecular Imaging of c-Myc Activation in Living Mice. PNAS USA. 107(36): 15892–15897, 2010. PMCID: PMC2936612
Liu, H. Patel, M.R., Prescher, J.A., Patsialou, A., Qian, D., Lin, J., Wen, S., Chang, Y.F., Bachmann, M.H., Shimono, Y., Dalerba, P., Adorno, M., Lobo, N., Bueno, J., Dirbas, F.M., Goswami, S., Somio, G., Condeelis*, J., Contag*, C.H., Gambhir*, S.S., Clarke*, M.F. Cancer Stem Cells from Human Breast Tumors are Involved in Spontaneous Metastases in Orthotopic Mouse Models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 107(42): 18115–20, 2010. (*Co-Corresponding Authors) PMC 2964232
Fan-Minogue, H.; Z. Cao; R. Paulmurugan; C.T. Chan; T.F. Massoud; D.W. Felsher; S.S. Gambhir (September 2010). "Noninvasive Molecular Imaging of c-Myc Activation in Living Mice". PNAS. 107 (36): 15892–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.1007443107. PMC 2936612. PMID 20713710.
Massoud, T.; R. Paulmurugan; S.S. Gambhir (August 2010). "A Molecularly Engineered Split Reporter for Imaging Protein Protein Interactions with Positron Emission Tomography". Nature Medicine. 16 (8): 921–6. doi:10.1038/nm.2185. PMC 2917476. PMID 20639890.
Loening, A. Dragulescu-Andrasi, S.S. Gambhir. (2010). "A Red-Shifted Renilla Luciferase for Transient Reporter-Gene Expression". Nature Methods. 7 (1): 5–6. doi:10.1038/nmeth0110-05. PMC 4431758. PMID 20038949.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
D'Souza A., Tseng J., Pauly K., Guccione S., Rosenberg J., Gambhir S.S.*, Glazer G*. A Strategy for Blood Biomarker Amplification and Localization Using Ultrasound. PNAS USA. 106(40): 17152–17157, 2009. (Co-corresponding authors) PMCID: PMC2749842
Zavaleta, C.; B. Smith; I. Wilton; W. Doering; G. Davis; B. Shojaei; M. Natan; S.S. Gambhir (August 2009). "Multiplexed imaging of surface enhanced Raman scattering nanotags in living mice using noninvasive Raman spectroscopy". PNAS. 106 (32): 13511–6. Bibcode:2009PNAS..10613511Z. doi:10.1073/pnas.0813327106. PMC 2726370. PMID 19666578.
Yaghoubi, S.; M. Jensen; N. Sastyamurthy; S. Pubhiraja; D. Paid; J. Czernin; S.S. Gambhir (January 2009). "Non-invasive Detection of Therapeutic Cytolytic T-Cells with -FHBG PET in a Patient with Glioma". Nature Clinical Practice Oncology. 6 (1): 53–8. doi:10.1038/ncponc1278. PMC 3526373. PMID 19015650.
D'Souza, A.; J. Tseng; K. Pauly; S. Guccione; J. Rosenberg; S.S. Gambhir; G. Glazer (September 2009). "A Strategy for Blood Biomarker Amplification and Localization using Ultrasound". PNAS. 106 (40): 17152–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.0903437106. PMC 2749842. PMID 19805109.
Keren, S.; C. Zavaleta; Z. Cheng; A. de la Zerda; O. Gheysens; S.S. Gambhir (April 2008). "Non-invasive Molecular Imaging of Small Living Subjects Using Raman Spectroscopy". PNAS. 105 (15): 5844–49. Bibcode:2008PNAS..105.5844K. doi:10.1073/pnas.0710575105. PMC 2299220. PMID 18378895.
Schipper, M.; N. Nakayama-Ratchford; C. Davis; N. Kam; P. Chu; Z. Liu; X. Sun; J. Dai; S.S. Gambhir (April 2008). "A Pilot Toxicology Study of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in a Small Sample of Mice". Nature Nanotechnology. 3 (4): 216–21. doi:10.1038/nnano.2008.68. PMID 18654506.
Willmann, J.; N. van Bruggen; L. Dinkelborg; S.S. Gambhir (July 2008). "Molecular Imaging in Drug Development". Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. 7 (7): 591–607. doi:10.1038/nrd2290. PMID 18591980.
De la Zerda, A.; C. Zavaleta; S. Keren; S. Vaithilingam; S. Bodapati; Z. Liu; J. Levi; B. Smith; T. Ma; O. Oralkan; Z. Cheng; X. Chen; H. Dai; B. Khuri-Yakub; S.S. Gambhir (August 2008). "Carbon Nanotubes as Photoacoustic Molecular Imaging Agents in Living Mice". Nature Nanotechnology. 3 (8): 557–62. Bibcode:2008NatNa...3..557D. doi:10.1038/nnano.2008.231. PMC 2562547. PMID 18772918.
Lu Y., Dang H., Middleton B., Zhang Z., Washburn L., Stout D.B., Campbell-Thompson M., Atkinson M.A., Phelps M.E., Gambhir S.S., Tian J., Kaufman D.L. Non-Invasive Imaging of Islet Grafts Using Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 103: 11294–11299, 2006. PMCID: PMC1544080
So MK, Xu C, Loening AM, Gambhir SS, Rao J (2006). "Self-illuminating quantum dot conjugates for in vivo imaging". Nat Biotechnol. 24 (3): 339–43. doi:10.1038/nbt1188. PMID 16501578.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)]
Paulmurugan R., Gambhir S.S. An Intermolecular Folding Sensor for Imaging Estrogen Receptor-Ligand Interactions. PNAS USA. 103: 15883–15888, 2006. PMCID: PMC1635097
Shu C., Guo S., Kim Y., Shelly S., Nijagal A., Ray P., Gambhir S.S., Radu C., Witte O. Visualization of Primary Anti-Tumor Immune Response by Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 102: 17412–17417, 2005. PMCID: PMC1283986
Kim SJ, Doudet DJ, Studenov AR, Nian C, Ruth TJ, Gambhir SS, McIntosh CH (2006). "Quantitative micro positron emission tomography (PET) imaging for the in vivo determination of pancreatic islet graft survival". Nat Med. 12 (12): 1423–8. doi:10.1038/nm1458. PMID 17143277.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Michalet X., Pinaud F.F., Bentolila L.A., Tsay J.M., Doose S., Li J.J., Sundaresan G., Wu A.M., Gambhir S.S., Weiss S. (2005). "Quantum Dots for Live Cells, In Vivo Imaging, and Diagnostics". Science. 307 (5709): 538–544. Bibcode:2005Sci...307..538M. doi:10.1126/science.1104274. PMC 1201471. PMID 15681376.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Bhaumik S., Walls Z., Puttaraju M., Mitchell L.G., Gambhir S.S. Real-Time Molecular Imaging of Gene Expression in Living Subjects by Splicesome-Mediated RNA Trans-Splicing. PNAS USA. 101(23):8693-8698, 2004. PMCID: PMC423257
Dubey P., Su H., Adonai N., Du S., Rosato A., Braun J., Gambhir S.S. , Witte O. Quantitative Imaging of the T-Cell Anti-Tumor Response by Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 100(3): 1232–1237, 2003. PMCID: PMC298756
Paulmurugan R., Umezawa Y., Gambhir S.S. Non-Invasive Imaging of Protein-Protein Interactions in Living Subjects Using Reporter Protein Complementation and Reconstitution Strategies. PNAS USA. 99(24): 15608–15613, 2002. PMCID: PMC137764
Ray P., Pimenta H., Paulmurugan R., Berger F., Phelps M.E., Iyer M., Gambhir S.S. Non-Invasive Quantitative Imaging of Protein-Protein Interactions in Living Subject. PNAS USA. 99(5): 3105–3110, 2002. PMCID: PMC122480
Adonai N., Nguyen K., Walsh J., Iyer M., Toyokuni T., Phelps M.E., McCarthy D., Gambhir S.S. Ex Vivo Cell Labelling with 64Cu-Pyruvaldehyde-Bis(N4-Methylthiosemicarbazone) for Imaging Cell Trafficking in Mice with Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 99(5): 3030–3035, 2002. PMCID: PMC122467
Bhaumik S., Gambhir S.S. Optical Imaging of Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Expression in Living Mice. PNAS USA. 99(1): 377–382, 2002. PMCID: PMC117568
Gambhir SS (2002). "Molecular imaging of cancer with positron emission tomography". Nat Rev Cancer. 2 (9): 683–93. doi:10.1038/nrc882. PMID 12209157.
Adams JY, Johnson M, Sato M, Berger F, Gambhir SS, Carey M, Iruela-Arispe ML, Wu L (2002). "Visualization of advanced human prostate cancer lesions in living mice by a targeted gene transfer vector and optical imaging". Nat Med. 8 (8): 891–7. doi:10.1038/nm743. PMID 12134144.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Iyer M., Wu L., Carey M., Wang Y. Smallwood A., Gambhir S.S. Two-Step Transcriptional Amplification as a Method for Imaging Reporter Gene Expression Using Weak Promoters. PNAS USA. 98(25): 14595–14600, 2001. PMCID: PMC64727
Gambhir S.S., Bauer E., Black M., Liang Q., Kokoris M.S., Barrio J., Iyer M., Namavari M., Phelps M.E., Herschman H.R. A Mutant Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase Reporter Gene Shows Improved Sensitivity for Imaging Reporter Gene Expression with Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 97(6):2785-2790, 2000. PMCID: PMC16007
Wu A., Yazaki P., Tsai S., Nguyen K., Anderson A., McCarthy D., Welch M., Shively J., Williams L., Raubitschek A., Wong J., Toyokuni T., Phelps M.E., Gambhir S.S. High-Resolution MicroPET Imaging of Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Positive Xenografts by Using a Copper-64-Labeled Engineered Antibody Fragment. PNAS USA. 97(5):8495-8500, 2000. PMCID: PMC26976
Yu Y, Annala AJ, Barrio JR, Toyokuni T, Satyamurthy N, Namavari M, Cherry SR, Phelps ME, Herschman HR, Gambhir SS (2000). "Quantification of target gene expression by imaging reporter gene expression in living animals". Nat Med. 6 (8): 933–7. doi:10.1038/78704. PMID 10932234.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Gambhir S.S., Barrio J.R., Phelps M.E., Iyer M., Namavari M., Satyamurthy N., Wu L., Green L.A., Bauer E., MacLaren D.C., Nguyen K., Berk A.J., Cherry S.R., Herschman H.R. Imaging Adenoviral-Directed Reporter Gene Expression in Living Animals with Positron Emission Tomography. PNAS USA. 96(5): 2333–2338, 1999. PMCID: PMC26784
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