|Born||26 December 1932|
|Died||23 March 2020 (aged 87)|
Robert Klapisch (26 December 1932 – 23 March 2020) was a French physicist.
Klapisch completed his secondary studies at Lycée Lakanal in Sceaux, before attending Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris and Collège Lavoisier. He obtained an engineering degree from ESPCI Paris in 1952, and a doctorate at Paris-Sud University in 1966.
Klapisch began working at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in 1956, after his graduation from ESPCI. He interrupted his research between 1960 and 1962 to perform his military service in the Algerian War, and between 1968 and 1969 while on sabbatical at Princeton University. He also conducted research at the Curie Institute in Paris, employed alongside Jean Teillac and René Bernas. Klaspisch was one of the original members of the Institut national de physique nucléaire et de physique des particules (IPN), founded in 1956. After Bernas' premature death at age 50, Klapisch began to direct the laboratories at IPN.
In 1981, Klapisch left CNRS to join the European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN), and devoted his time on the council to researching particle physics. He directed the research program for the Super Proton–Antiproton Synchrotron, which won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984, awarded to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer. From 1994 to 2000, Klapisch was involved in a small committee alonside Rubbia devoted to an innovative approach to nuclear energy.
In 2002, President Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Roselyne Bachelot assigned Yves Coppens with creating an environment charter. Klapisch accepted his invitation from Coppens to join the scientific committee. Klapisch served on a number of scientific committees in Europe, the United States, and Canada. In 1982, Jean-Pierre Chevènement asked him to write a report on the future of nuclear science in France. This report earned him a spot in the Ordre des Palmes académiques.
In 2002, Klapisch organized a series of lectures, called Partage du Savoir en Méditerranée, carried out under the direction of the Association for the Advancement of Sciences. The conferences were finally held on 1 through 3 March 2010 in Jordan, 6 May 2011 in Malta, 17 to 20 May in Tunis, and 7 through 9 May in Rabat. From January 2010 until his death, Klapisch was an elected member of the Institute for Advanced Studies on Sustainability based in Potsdam, of which Klaus Töpfer is the Director.
Irène Joliot-Curie Prize (1970)
Three Physicists Prize (1980)
Knight of the Ordre des Palmes académiques (1982)
W. F. Rockwell Medal for Science and Technology de l'International Institute for Technology
Officer of the Legion of Honour (2007)
"Mass separation for nuclear reaction studies" in Annual Review of Nuclear Science (1969)
Hyperfine Spectroscopy of radioactive atoms (1979)
Le rayon et la forme des noyaux exotiques (1980)
Laser optical spectroscopy on francium D2 resonance line (1980)
Laser spectroscopy of alkali atoms (1981)
La Charte de l’environnement : enjeux scientifiques et juridique (2003)
Projet Rubbia de réacteur nucléaire sous-critique (2000)
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