Nikolay Timofeyevich Tanayev (Kyrgyz: Николай Тимофеевич Танаев; 5 November 1945 – 19 July 2020) served as the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 2002 to 2005, under President Askar Akayev. He was an ethnic Russian. He served as Deputy Prime Minister under Kurmanbek Bakiyev and was made acting PM on 22 May 2002 after Akayev fired Bakiyev. He officially became PM eight days later when the Supreme Council confirmed him.
As Prime Minister he survived a motion of no confidence vote on 8 April 2004. The legislature voted 27 to 14 to remove him from office, short of the necessary 30 votes.
On 24 March 2005 Tanayev resigned as Prime Minister in the midst of the Tulip Revolution. Almost a month later he became special envoy for foreign economic relations in his native Penza region in Russia. However, by June the Acting Prosecutor-General, Azimbek Beknazarov told Parliament that his office had issued an order for Tanayev's arrest. One of the charges relates to 40 million soms ($977,000) in state funds allegedly transferred to a company controlled by his son. He lived in exile in St. Petersburg on 6 Bolshaya Morskaya Street.
He was the first ethnic Russian Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan since independence.
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