Maya Ulanovskaya is confirmed dead at the age of 87.
Maya was best known as a American-born Russian-Israeli political dissident.
Death was likely due to writer and translator.
Maya Ulanovskaya
Майя Александровна Улановская
MayaUl.jpg
Maya Ulanovskaya (circa 1955)
Born
Maya Aleksandrovna Ulanovskaya

(1932-10-20) October 20, 1932 (age 87)
Other namesMaya Aleksandrovna Ulanovskaya, Maiia Ulanovskie, Maia Ulianovskaia, Maria Ulanovsky
CitizenshipSoviet Union
Israel
Occupationliterary critic, translator, teacher
MovementHuman rights movement in the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Anatoly Yakobson
ChildrenAlexander Yakobson
Parent(s)Alexander Ulanovsky, Nadezhda Ulanovskaya
Maya Ulanovskaya, also known as Maiia Ulanovskie and Maria Ulanovsky (born in October 20, 1932), is an American-born Russian-Israeli who, with spouse Anatoly Yakobson, participated in the dissident movement in the USSR and became a professor, writer, and translator in Israel.
Contents
1 Background
2 Career
2.1 USSR
2.2 Israel
2.3 Hiss Case
3 Personal life
4 Works
5 See also
6 References
7 External sources
Background
Soviet GRU spy Alexander Petrovich Ulanovsky was Ulanovskaya's father
Maya Aleksandrovna Ulanovskaya was born in New York City while her parents were stationed there as Soviet resident spies and Soviet intelligence officer illegals for the GRU. Her father was Alexander Ulanovsky (1891-1971). Her mother was Nadezhda Ulanovskaya (1903-1986). In a 1952 memoir, Whittaker Chambers, who reported to the Ulanovskys in the early 1930s, noted Nadezhda's pregnancy and also noted that Ulanovskaya had an older brother, "kept hostage at school in Russia (the boy was killed fighting against the Germans during the Nazi invasion)."
Career
USSR
Details about Ulanovskaya's parents appeared in The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (here in 1974)
In 1948–1949, Ulanovskaya's parents were arrested on political charges. (Her parents were among those cited The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.)
In 1949, Ulanovskaya graduated from school and entered the Moscow Institute of Food Industry. At the institute, she meet members of and joined an underground anti-Stalinist organization, organized by students Boris Slutsky, Yevgeny Gurevich, and Vladilen Furman in 1950.
On February 7, 1951, the MGB arrested Ulanovskaya among 15 others. Just over a year later, on February 13, 1952, the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court arrested sentenced her to 25 years in the Ozerlag (Озерлаг) MVD special camp, part of the Soviet GULAG labor camp system for political prisoners. Slutsky, Gurevich, and Furman received death sentences, ten received 25-year sentences, and three 10-year sentences. In February 1956, the case was revised, the term of imprisonment was reduced to five years, and she, along with other accomplices, was released under an amnesty.
In the 1960s - 1970s, Ulanovskaya worked at the Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAN) library in Moscow and participated in the human rights movement by reprinting samizdat, passing information abroad, etc.
Israel
Maya Ulanovskaya in Jerusalem (2010)
In 1973, Ulanovskaya emigrated with her husband and son to Israel. In 1974, she divorced her husband.
Ulanovskaya worked at the National Library in Jerusalem. She translated into Russian books from English (including some by Arthur Koestler), Hebrew, and Yiddish.
In 1989, Ulanovskaya received rehabilitation from the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the USSR
Rehabilitation, based on lack of an evidence and corpus delicti.
Hiss Case
Regarding the Hiss Case, Ulavoskaya's mother wrote (quoted from the new English edition of their memoir): My story has many parallels with that of Whittaker Chambers. We met the same people, and I can thus confirm his testimony.
Personal life
Israeli historian Alexander Yakobson (2009) is Ulanovskaya's son
In 1956, Ulanovskaya married Anatoly Yakobson; in 1959, they had a son, Alexander Yakobson.
In 1983, Ulanovskaya immigrated with her husband, son, and mother to Israel.
Works
Ulanovskaya wrote a memoir with her mother that recounts the lives of two generations of their family.
The memoir provides details about:
The early espionage career of Whittaker Chambers, first documented in English by Allen Weinstein in his book Perjury: The Hiss-Chambers Case.
Stalinism and Soviet post-war youth
Women's history
Russian women writers
Writings:
История одной семьи (translated History of One Family) (New York: Chalidze, 1982) (Russian)
История одной семьи (Moscow: Vest-VIMO, 1994)
История одной семьи (St. Petersburg: INAPRESS, 2003)
История одной семьи (St. Petersburg: INAPRESS, 2005)
The Family Story (2016) (Hannover, NH: Seven Arts/Lulu, 2016)
Jews in the culture of the Russian emigre (1995)
Internal Plan of Life (on Vladimir Gershuni) (1996)
Freedom and dogma: the life and work of Arthur Koestler (1996)
"Why Koestler?" (1997)
The Jewish National Library and its Russian Roots (1999)
On Anatoly Yacobson (2010)
The Serene Breathing of Sadness (2017) by Anatoly Yakobson (compiler)
Translations Hebrew to Russian:
The Book of Testimony (1989) by Abba Kovner = יום זה: מגילת עדות
Letters Yoni: portrait of a hero (1984) by Yonatan Netanyahu = מכתבי יוני
The Last Fight Yoni (2001) by Yonatan Netanyahu = הקרב האחרון של יוני
Translations English to Russian:
Thieves in the Night (1981) by Arthur Koestler
The Thirteenth Tribe (1998) by Arthur Koestler
Arrival and Departure (2017) by Arthur Koestler
Translations Yiddish to Russian:
My memories (2009, 2012) by Yechezkel Kotik = מיינע זכרונות
See also
Alexander Ulanovsky (father)
Nadezhda Ulanovskaya (mother)
Anatoly Yakobson (spouse)
Alexander Yakobson (son)
Human rights movement in the Soviet Union
Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR
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