James Charles Lehrer (/ˈlɛərə/; May 19, 1934 – January 23, 2020) was an American journalist, novelist, screenwriter, and playwright. Lehrer was the executive editor and a news anchor for the PBS NewsHour on PBS, known for his role as a debate moderator during U.S. presidential election campaigns. He authored numerous fiction and non-fiction books that drew upon his experience as a newsman, along with his interests in history and politics.
1 Early years
3 Presidential debate moderator
4 Personal life
6 Honors and awards
9 Further reading
10 External links
James Charles Lehrer was born on May 19, 1934, in Wichita, Kansas, the son of Lois Catherine (née Chapman), a teacher, and Harry Frederick Lehrer, a bus station manager. His paternal grandparents were German immigrants. His maternal grandfather was J. B. Chapman, a prominent Church of the Nazarene figure. He attended middle school in Beaumont, Texas, and graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School in San Antonio, where he was a sports editor for the Jefferson Declaration. He was graduated with an associate degree from Victoria College, and a bachelor's degree in journalism from the Missouri School of Journalism at the University of Missouri in 1956.
After graduation from college Lehrer joined the United States Marine Corps and served for three years as an infantry officer. He attributed his service and travels with helping him to look beyond himself and feel a connection to the world that he would not have otherwise experienced.
In 1959, Lehrer began his career in journalism at The Dallas Morning News in Texas. Later, he worked as a reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, where he covered the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963. He was a political columnist there for several years, and in 1968 he became the city editor.
Lehrer began his television career at KERA-TV in Dallas, Texas, as the executive director of Public Affairs, an on-air host, and editor of a nightly news program. In 1972, he moved to PBS in Washington, D.C., to become the Public Affairs Coordinator, a member of Journalism Advisory Board, and a Fellow at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). He worked as a correspondent for the National Public Affairs Center for Television (NPACT), where he met Robert MacNeil. In 1973, they covered the Senate Watergate hearings and the revelation of the Watergate Tapes broadcast, live on PBS. Lehrer covered the House Judiciary Committee's impeachment inquiry of President Richard Nixon.
In October 1975, Lehrer became the Washington correspondent for the "Robert MacNeil Report" on Thirteen/WNET New York. Two months later on December 1, 1975, he was promoted to co-anchor, and the program was accordingly renamed "The MacNeil/Lehrer Report". In September 1983, Lehrer and MacNeil relaunched their show as The MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour, which was renamed The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, following McNeil's departure in 1995. The program was renamed the PBS NewsHour in 2009.
Lehrer underwent a heart valve surgery in April 2008, allowing Ray Suarez to anchor in his stead until Lehrer's return on June 26, 2008.
Lehrer stepped down as anchor of the PBS NewsHour on June 6, 2011, but continued to moderate the Friday news analysis segments and be involved with the show's production company, MacNeil/Lehrer Productions.
Lehrer received several awards and honors during his career in journalism, including several Emmys; the George Foster Peabody Broadcast Award; a William Allen White Foundation Award for Journalistic Merit; and the University of Missouri School of Journalism's Medal of Honor. In 2004, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Journalism degree by McDaniel College.
Presidential debate moderator
Lehrer was involved in several projects related to U.S. presidential debates, including the Debating Our Destiny documentaries in 2000 and 2008, which feature excerpts of exclusive interviews with many of the presidential and vice-presidential candidates since 1976. Nicknamed The Dean of Moderators by journalist Bernard Shaw, Lehrer moderated twelve presidential debates between 1988 and 2012. In 2016, Lehrer served on the board of the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD).
The last debate that Lehrer moderated was the first general election debate of the 2012 election. He originally had sworn off moderating any debates after 2008; however, the CPD persisted, and he accepted as he was interested in the new format. The debate was held at the University of Denver and covered domestic policy issues. Lehrer's performance as a moderator, in which he frequently allowed the candidates to exceed the given time limits, received mixed reviews; while he received criticism for his lenient enforcement of time rules and open-ended questions, his approach also received praise for letting the candidates have some control in the debate on their own terms.
For six decades, Lehrer was married to Kate Lehrer, who is also a novelist. They had three daughters and six grandchildren. His father was a bus driver who briefly operated a bus company. Lehrer was an avid bus enthusiast, a hobbyist, and a collector of bus memorabilia, including depot signs, driver caps, and antique toy buses. As a college student in the 1950s, he worked as a Trailways ticket agent in Victoria, Texas. He also was a supporter of the Pacific Bus Museum in Williams, California, and the Museum of Bus Transportation in Hershey, Pennsylvania.
Lehrer was a prolific writer and authored numerous novels, as well as several plays, screenplays, and three personal memoirs. His book, Top Down, is a novel based on the events surrounding the Kennedy assassination. His last play, Bell, was produced by the National Geographic Society as part of their 125th anniversary celebration.
Lehrer died at his home in Washington, D.C., on January 23, 2020, at age 85.
Honors and awards
Paul White Award, Radio Television Digital News Association (1990)
American Academy of Arts and Sciences member (elected in 1991)
University of Missouri School of Journalism's Medal of Honor
William Allen White Foundation Award for Journalistic Merit
George Foster Peabody Award
Fred Friendly First Amendment Award
Two Emmy Awards
Silver Circle of the Washington D.C. chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (1999)
Television Hall of Fame (1999)
National Humanities Medal (1999)
Walter Cronkite Award for Excellence in Journalism (2008)
Lehrer signing copies of his book at the National Press Club Book Fair in 2011
Novels (One-Eyed Mack Series)
Lehrer, Jim (1989). Crown Oklahoma. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13434-4.
Lehrer, Jim (1990). The Sooner Spy. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13536-7.
Lehrer, Jim (1991). Lost and Found. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13601-0.
Lehrer, Jim (1992). Short List. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13665-7.
Lehrer, Jim (1994). Fine Lines. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-517-16435-3.
Novels (Charlie Henderson Series)
Lehrer, Jim (1993). Blue Hearts. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-42216-1.
Lehrer, Jim (1998). Purple Dots. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-45237-0.
Lehrer, Jim (1966). Viva Max!. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce. ASIN B001TNUMVE.
Lehrer, Jim (1995). The Last Debate. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-517-17761-7.
Lehrer, Jim (1996). White Widow. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-45236-2.
Lehrer, Jim (2000). The Special Prisoner. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50371-4.
Lehrer, Jim (2002). No Certain Rest. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50372-2.
Lehrer, Jim (2004). Flying Crows: A Novel. New York: Random House. ISBN 1-4000-6197-0.
Lehrer, Jim (2005). The Franklin Affair. New York: Random House. ISBN 1-4000-6198-9.
Lehrer, Jim (2006). The Phony Marine. New York: Random House. ISBN 1-4000-6486-4.
Lehrer, Jim (2007). Eureka. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6487-8.
Lehrer, Jim (2009). Oh, Johnny. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6762-6.
Lehrer, Jim (2010). Super. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6763-3.
Lehrer, Jim (2013). Top Down: A Novel of the Kennedy Assassination. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6916-3.
Lehrer, Jim (1975). We Were Dreamers. New York: Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-10693-9.
Lehrer, Jim (1992). A Bus of My Own. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13765-3.
Lehrer, Jim (2011). Tension City. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6917-0.
An adaptation of White Widow has been written by Luke Wilson
Viva Max! (1969) writing credit with Elliott Baker
The Last Debate (2000) writing credit with Jon Maas
The Will and Bart Show
Church Key Charlie Blue
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