Javier Alva Orlandini (December 11, 1927 - June 1, 2020) was a lawyer and a Peruvian politician. A prominent member of the political party Popular Action, he served as the President of the party. He served as 2nd Vice President of Peru during the government of Fernando Belaúnde from 1980 to 1985.. Throughout his life he became a Deputy (1963-1968), Minister of Government and Police (1965-1966), Senator (1980-1985 and 1990-1992), President of the Senate (1981-1982), and Congressman (1995-2000). In 2002, he became a Magistrate of the Constitutional Court, at the same time being elected by Congress as the President of the Court for a 3-year term. He was a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic in 1985, but got 4% of the popular vote, being defeated by Alan García. He later served as President of Peru's constitutional tribunal.
He has written several books, including "Responding to the Dictatorship", "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow", the "Vicious Circle", "I Minister", "Word of Honor" and "Yes I swear", and numerous legal articles.
The audits, representative legislative, legal, academic and professional are of extensive quality and are recognized by the Peruvian people and their various institutions that have given many honorary degrees.
Son of José Felipe Alva y Alva and Blanca Orlandini. His father was a lawyer, poet and senator for Cajamarca (1945-1948).
He attended primary school in his hometown, then went on to Trujillo, where he attended secondary school at Colegio Seminario San Carlos y San Marcelo (1941-1945).
In 1946 he entered the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, where he studied law and economics. He graduated from law school with his thesis on The Preference Pact (1952) and received his law degree on January 16, 1953.
During his time as a university student, he fought against General Manuel A. Odría's sole candidacy for the presidency (1950) and was president of the Centro Federado de los Estudiantes at the Law School (1952). Due to his political activities, he was imprisoned for three months at El Frontón.
He was the founder and president of the National Front of Democratic Youth (1955), which led to the candidacy of architect Fernando Belaunde Terry for the presidency in the 1956 general elections, in which he came in second place. This political grouping gave rise shortly afterwards to the Popular Action party, whose first Ordinary National Congress was held in 1957, at which Alva was elected a member of the Plenary. In 1958, his party commissioned him to draft the new Electoral Law, which was presented to the Senate. He was then appointed Secretary of Electoral Affairs (1959) and Assistant Secretary General (1961).
During the 1962 general elections, and in his capacity as his party's representative, he denounced the alleged irregularities in the process, contributing to its annulment by the Armed Forces.
In the 1963 general elections, he was elected deputy for Lima; among his legislative initiatives of those years was the Municipal Elections Bill.
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