Seyyed Hadi Khosroshahi (Persian: سید هادی خسروشاهی; 1939 – 27 February 2020) was an Iranian cleric and diplomat who served as the first Iranian Ambassador to the Vatican. He was suspected by Western intelligence circles of having established a clandestine European network of Muslim extremists based in Rome.
When he was 15 years old, Khosroshahi joined the leader of militant Fada'iyan-e Islam (Devotees of Islam), Sayyid Mojtaba Mir-Lohi, nicknamed as Navvab Safavi. He was close to Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood. Based on his interviews, in at least two cases, he sought Khomeini's approval for the assassination of the Islamic Republic's first President, Abolhassan Bani Sadr and Iran's last Queen Farah Pahlavi, both living in exile in Paris. Khomeini rejected the idea, Khosroshahi maintained.
Khosroshahi was a prominent figure in the Qom Seminary and was a representative of Ayatollah Khomeini in the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance after the victory of the Iranian Revolution in 1979. After two years, he became the Ambassador of the Islamic Republic to the Vatican. He was the first Shi'a clergy serving representing the Islamic Republic at the Vatican. While in the Vatican, he founded the Europe's Islamic Culture Center, a base for propagating Shi'ism in the West. After serving in the Vatican, Khosroshahi was sent to Cairo, where he represented Tehran for two years at the Islamic Republic's Interest Section.
Khosroshahi died from novel coronavirus on 27 February 2020.
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