Eskandar Firouz ((1926-08-07)August 7, 1926 – (2020-03-04)March 4, 2020) was an Iranian enviormentalist and politician. He was the first Director of the Department of Environment in Iran. He developed Iran’s ecological conservation and management program. Eskandar Firouz is recognized as the father of environmental protection and conservation in Iran.
1 Early life
3 Personal life
4 Notable works
Eskandar Firouz was born in 1926 in Shiraz to Mohammad Hossein Mirza Firouz (1894–1983), a Qajar prince.His paternal grandfather was Abdolhossein Farmanfarma (1857–1939).
He did his education outside Iran, first in Germany, then in the United States (Lawrenceville Preparatory School) and later at Yale University.
As an environmental conservationist, in 1971, he championed the formation of Iran’s Department of Environment.In his tenure as the Director of DOE,Iran developed and adopted the Environmental Protection Law , which is still in force.
Firouz helped in creating the national parks, nature reserves, wildlife refuges and protected areas in Iran.He was appointed as the vice-president at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. Firouz was also a member of the presiding board of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 1973–75. In 1977, he was elected President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), a position that he never filled as the Shah forced the resignation of the government during the Revolution.
Mr Firouz was one of the three founding fathers of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance – the “Ramsar Convention”.
Firouz married Iran Ala who is the daughter of the late Hossein Ala (1881–1964), Iran’s prime minister from 1955 to 1957.He has two daughters Anahita and Azar.He passed away on March 4,2020 at the age of 93.
The Complete Fauna of Iran
The wetlands and waterfowl of Iran
Memoirs of Eskandar Firouz
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