Edward 'Eddie B' Borysewicz (born March 18, 1939) is a cycling coach who brought the United States to world prominence, even though at first he barely spoke English. The US team, under his direction, won nine medals at the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1984. It was the first time Americans had won medals since 1912. Audrey McElmury won the World Road Cycling Championships in 1969, followed by Beth Heiden, in 1980.
2 National coach
3 Blood doping scandal
4 Professional coach
5 Personal life
8 See also
Borysewicz was born in northeastern Poland, a region now a part of Belarus. He was originally a runner. He changed to cycling in his youth, quickly showing talent in races and twice becoming junior national champion. Two years of military national service followed, during which the army denied him a place in its sports battalion because, he said, his father was anti-communist. He was misdiagnosed with tuberculosis after leaving the army but recovered to win two more national championships. The effects of tuberculosis treatment, however, adversely affected his liver so he stopped racing and sought a degree in physical education at the University of Warsaw. He claims 30 national and world championships for his subsequent coaching, among them Mieczysław Nowicki, later appointed Minister of Sport in Poland.
He went to the Olympic Games in Montreal in 1976 as assistant for the Polish team. He went from there to New Jersey, USA, to see friends with whom he had raced for Poland.
There he became associated with the North Jersey Bicycle Club, whose jersey he was wearing when he met Mike Fraysse, chairman of the American cycling federation's competition committee, in a cycle shop. The federation had gained money for coaching and support of athletes from President Jimmy Carter's inquiry into the domination in sport by what were perceived to be state-sponsored amateurs from communist countries. Fraysee spoke to Borysewicz about bringing his experience of Polish sports schools. They spoke in French because Borysewicz spoke no English. Next year the US federation took on Borysewicz as its first full-time coach. His riders referred to him as "Eddie B" because they could not master his surname, pronounced Borisevich.
Borysewicz opened an office at the Olympic Training Center in Squaw Valley, California. He said:
His lack of English meant he had to use the son of a Polish friend, another cyclist, as translator.
It really cuts your authority when you want to be commanding and you have to speak through a 12-year-old.
He told all but one member of the national team that they were overweight and observed that America was "a land of fat people."
He dispensed with established riders such as John Howard. Historian Peter Nye said:
Many suddenly former national team members became outspoken critics of the new national coach, claiming that he didn't understand the philosophy of US riders. Borysewicz's lack of English helped him miss much of the criticism as he introduced the concept that the team, not the individual, is what counts in racing. American racing over the years was marked by individuals going for the win rather than team tactics.
Among the first riders Borysewicz developed was Greg LeMond. He called him "a diamond, a clear diamond." That year, 1977, Sue Novara came second in the world sprint championship on the track and Connie Carpenter came second in the world road championship.
The USA did not send a team to the Olympic Games in Moscow. The Russians and most other communist nations then stayed away from men's cycling at the Games in Los Angeles four years later. That lessened competition but the four gold, three silver and one bronze medal were the first Americans had won since 1912.
Blood doping scandal
America's successes at Los Angeles were coloured by revelations that riders had blood transfusions before their events, a practice known as blood doping or blood boosting. The transfusions were to increase red blood cells in riders' blood, thus taking more oxygen to their muscles. They received the blood of others with similar blood types.
The French coach and former world champion, Daniel Morelon, told the sports paper L'Equipe that American medical treatment was "extremely elaborate". He added: "I didn't say they were taking drugs but on the other hand we and many others were still at the stage of trying our little vitamins." Steve Hegg won a gold and a silver; Rebecca Twigg, Pat McDonough and Leonard Nitz won silver medals. They were identified in the subsequent inquiry as having had transfusions. The others were John Beckman, Mark Whitehead and Brent Emery. The rest of the team refused. Transfusions were suggested by Eddie, by staff members or by the physician who oversaw the boosting, Dr. Herman Falsetti, a professor of cardiology at the University of Iowa.
Fraysse, who had brought Borysewicz's appointment as national coach, said: "We've been looking into this stuff for years and years and years. We weren't gonna fall behind the Russians or East Germans any more." The practice was not against Olympic rules although Games medical guidelines discouraged it. Ed Burke, without Borysewicz's knowledge or approval, set up a clinic in a Los Angeles motel room. Four of the seven athletes who had transfusions won medals. The US federation banned blood-doping in January 1985. Although Borysewicz denied involvement, both he and Burke were fined a month's pay. Fraysse was demoted from first to third vice-president.
Eddie Borysewicz resigned as coach of the American national team in 1987 partly because of disagreements with members of his squad. He started his own amateur team in 1988. Sponsorship by Sunkyong, a Korean electronics firm, ended after a year and Borysewicz sought a replacement in Montgomery Securities. Its chief executive, Thomas Weisel, agreed to a team of 15 that included Lance Armstrong. That team, after several sponsorship changes, became the US Postal Service and Discovery Channel teams for which Armstrong won the Tour de France seven times before those victories were vacated in 2012 after the USADA ruled that Armstrong doped during each of those victories.
Borysewicz claimed Lance Armstrong as his discovery and not that of Armstrong's later coach, Chris Carmichael. When Carmichael said of his work at the US federation that he wished he had "five Lances," Borysewicz replied,
Why doesn't he (Chris Carmichael) produce Lances? That's his job. And anyway, Lance is not his product. Lance is my product.
He lived in Ramona, California. His house burned in the 2003 Cedar Fire that devastated San Diego County. Eddie received over 600 letters from friends and cyclists worldwide in response to his loss. Donations totaling $120,000 allowed him to rebuild his house.
After retiring from coaching in 2016, Eddie spent half the year in Ramona, CA and the other half in Poland. He died on November 16, 2020 at a hospital in Drezdenko, Poland after contracting COVID-19. He was 81.
Borysewicz was inducted into the United States Bicycling Hall of Fame in 1996.
Borysewicz was awarded the Super Master of Sports title, the country's highest award to athletes.
Borysewicz received the "Father of Modern American Cycling" award at the Endurance Sports Awards in San Diego.
List of doping cases in cycling
Eddie Borysewicz Eddie Borysewicz
Eddie Borysewicz Eddie Borysewicz Eddie Borysewicz
Eddie Borysewicz search
searchEddie Borysewicz search
Eddie Borysewicz dies
Eddie Borysewicz funeral details
Eddie Borysewicz funeral notice
Eddie Borysewicz funeral service
Eddie Borysewicz life story
why did Eddie Borysewicz die?
who was Eddie Borysewicz married to?
who were Eddie Borysewicz's children?
was Eddie Borysewicz gay?
where did Eddie Borysewicz live?
where did Eddie Borysewicz work?
where did Eddie Borysewicz go to school?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's criminal history?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's phone number?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's email address?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's social security number?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's blood type?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's eye color?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's favorite food?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's favorite movie?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's favorite band?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's favorite colour?
what crimes was Eddie Borysewicz convicted of?
who attended Eddie Borysewicz's funeral?
how tall was Eddie Borysewicz?
how old was Eddie Borysewicz?
how much did Eddie Borysewicz weigh?
how much money did Eddie Borysewicz have?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's net worth?
was Eddie Borysewicz ever married?
what was Eddie Borysewicz's IQ?
what was the reason for Eddie Borysewicz's death?
was Eddie Borysewicz 's nickname?
is Eddie Borysewicz really dead?
when did Eddie Borysewicz die?
where did Eddie Borysewicz die?
what was the cause of Eddie Borysewicz's death?
when is Eddie Borysewicz's funeral?
where will Eddie Borysewicz's funeral be held?
Eddie Borysewicz bereavement
Eddie Borysewicz casualty
Eddie Borysewicz cessation
Eddie Borysewicz curtains
Eddie Borysewicz darkness
Eddie Borysewicz decease
Eddie Borysewicz demise
Eddie Borysewicz departure
Eddie Borysewicz destruction
Eddie Borysewicz dissolution
Eddie Borysewicz downfall
Eddie Borysewicz dying
Eddie Borysewicz end
Eddie Borysewicz ending
Eddie Borysewicz eradication
Eddie Borysewicz euthanasia
Eddie Borysewicz exit
Eddie Borysewicz cause of death
Eddie Borysewicz how she died
Eddie Borysewicz when she died
Eddie Borysewicz where she died
Eddie Borysewicz how he died
Eddie Borysewicz when he died
Eddie Borysewicz where he died
Eddie Borysewicz suicide
Eddie Borysewicz death
Eddie Borysewicz by her own hand
Eddie Borysewicz by his own hand
Eddie Borysewicz gunshot
Eddie Borysewicz murder
Eddie Borysewicz robbery
Eddie Borysewicz stabbing
Eddie Borysewicz car accident
Eddie Borysewicz drowning
Eddie Borysewicz paper cut
Eddie Borysewicz accident
Eddie Borysewicz crash
Eddie Borysewicz depression
Eddie Borysewicz mental illness
Eddie Borysewicz cancer
Eddie Borysewicz expiration
Eddie Borysewicz extermination
Eddie Borysewicz extinction
Eddie Borysewicz fatality
Eddie Borysewicz finis
Eddie Borysewicz divorce
Eddie Borysewicz alcoholism
Eddie Borysewicz brain tumor
Eddie Borysewicz lung cancer
Eddie Borysewicz naked photos
Eddie Borysewicz porn movie
Eddie Borysewicz last words
Eddie Borysewicz last meal
Eddie Borysewicz christian faith
Eddie Borysewicz christian worship
did Eddie Borysewicz go to heaven
did Eddie Borysewicz go to hell
does jesus love Eddie Borysewicz
Eddie Borysewicz ex husband
Eddie Borysewicz ex wife
Eddie Borysewicz pet names
Eddie Borysewicz finish
Eddie Borysewicz grave
Eddie Borysewicz heaven
Eddie Borysewicz loss
Eddie Borysewicz mortality
Eddie Borysewicz necrosis
Eddie Borysewicz obliteration
Eddie Borysewicz oblivion
Eddie Borysewicz paradise
Eddie Borysewicz parting
Eddie Borysewicz passing
Eddie Borysewicz quietus
Eddie Borysewicz release
Eddie Borysewicz repose
Eddie Borysewicz ruin
Eddie Borysewicz ruination
Eddie Borysewicz silence
Eddie Borysewicz sleep
Eddie Borysewicz termination
Eddie Borysewicz tomb
Eddie Borysewicz eternal rest
Eddie Borysewicz grim reaper
Eddie Borysewicz passing over
Eddie Borysewicz obituary
Eddie Borysewicz legacy
who killed Eddie Borysewicz?
what killed Eddie Borysewicz?
where was Eddie Borysewicz killed?
where was Eddie Borysewicz murdered?
how old was Eddie Borysewicz?
how dead was Eddie Borysewicz?
Eddie Borysewicz سبب الوفاة
Eddie Borysewicz doodsoorzaak
Eddie Borysewicz cause de décès
Eddie Borysewicz Todesursache
Eddie Borysewicz causa di morte
Eddie Borysewicz 死
Eddie Borysewicz причина смерти
Eddie Borysewicz causa de la muerte
Eddie Borysewicz dödsorsak