Benjamin Mkapa is confirmed dead at the age of 81.
Benjamin was best known as a Tanzanian politician.
Benjamin William Mkapa
Benjamin Mkapa 2010-05-07.jpg
Mkapa in 2010
3rd President of Tanzania
In office
23 November 1995 – 21 December 2005
Vice PresidentOmar Ali Juma (1995–2001)
Ali Mohamed Shein (2001–05)
Prime MinisterFrederick Sumaye
Preceded byAli Hassan Mwinyi
Succeeded byJakaya Kikwete
Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education
In office
1992–1995
PresidentAli Hassan Mwinyi
Minister for Information and Broadcasting
In office
1990–1992
PresidentAli Hassan Mwinyi
Personal details
Born (1938-11-12) 12 November 1938 (age 81)
Ndanda, Masasi, Tanganyika
Died23 July 2020
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
NationalityTanzanian
Political partyCCM
Other political
affiliations
TANU
Spouse(s)Anna Mkapa
Children3
ResidenceSea View, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Alma materMakerere University (B.A.)
Columbia University (M.A.) Open University of Tanzania
ProfessionJournalist, diplomat
Benjamin William Mkapa (November 12, - July 23, 2020) was a Tanzanian politician who was the third President of Tanzania, in office from 1995 to 2005. He was also Chairman of the Revolutionary State Political Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM). Passed away at Muhimbili National Hospital on July 23, 2020.
Contents
1 Biography
2 Honours and awards
2.1 Honours
2.2 Awards
2.3 Honorary degrees
3 Legacy
3.1 Eponyms
4 References
5 External links
Biography
Mkapa was born in 1938 in Ndanda, near Masasi in southern Tanganyika. He graduated from Makerere University in Uganda in 1962 with a degree in English. He also attended Columbia University in 1963 and was awarded a master's degree in international affairs. Previous posts include being an administrative officer in Dodoma and the Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education. He also had the chance to lead the Tanzanian mission to Canada in the year 1982 and to the United States Of America from 1983 to 1984. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1977 to 1980 and again from 1984 to 1990.
In 1995, Mkapa was elected as President based on a popular anti-corruption campaign and the strong support of former president Julius Nyerere. Mkapa's anti-corruption efforts included creation of an open forum called the Presidential Commission on Corruption (Warioba Commission) and increased support for the Prevention of Corruption Bureau.
Mkapa's second five-year term of office as President ended in December 2005. During this term in office, Mkapa privatized state-owned corporations and instituted free market policies. His supporters argued that attracting foreign investment would promote economic growth. His policies won the support of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund and resulted in the cancellation of some of Tanzania's foreign debts.
He has been criticized for some ineffectiveness of his anti-corruption efforts as well as for his lavish spending. He spent £15 million on a private presidential jet, as well as almost £30 million on military aviation equipment which experts deemed beyond the limited needs of the country's armed forces. It was over the latter purchase that British International Development Secretary Clare Short expressed public outrage, resulting in her becoming known as 'Mama Radar' in the Tanzanian press.
Having left office due to a two-term limit, Mkapa is now dogged by many accusations of corruption, among them improperly appropriating to himself and his former finance Minister Daniel Yona the lucrative "Kiwira Coal Mine" in the southern highlands of Tanzania without following lawful procedures. By privatizing the Kiwira Coal Mine to himself, he is accused of a breach of the Tanzanian constitution, which does not allow a president to do business at the state house.
Mkapa served as a Trustee of the Aga Khan University from November 2007 until 2012.
Honours and awards
Honours
Order
Country
Year
Ref
Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya (Chief)
 Kenya
2005
Order of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere
 Tanzania
2011
Awards
2007: Ms Jane Goodall Global Leadership Award
Honorary degrees
University
Country
Degree
Year
Sōka University
 Japan
Honoris Causa
1998
Morehouse College
 United States
Honoris Causa
1999
The Open University of Tanzania
 Tanzania
Honoris Causa
2003
National University of Lesotho
 Lesotho
Doctor of Law
2005
Kenyatta University
 Kenya
Doctor of Education
2005
University of Dar es Salaam
 Tanzania
Honoris Causa
2006
Newcastle University
 United Kingdom
Doctor of Civil Law
2007
University of Cape Coast
 Ghana
Doctor of Letters
2008
Makerere University
 Uganda
Doctor of Law
2009
Legacy
Eponyms
Benjamini Mkapa hall in Mbeya city located in Sokomatola street.
Benjamini Mkapa road in Zanzibar, connecting Mtoni kidatu area to Abeid Aman Karume Airport via Daraja Bovu
Mkapa Bridge, the longest bridge in the country (970 metres)
Benjamin William Mkapa Pension Tower, one of the tallest buildings in the country
Benjamin William Mkapa Special Economic Zone
Mererani B W Mkapa Secondary School in Manyara Region
Benjamin William Mkapa High School(kariakoo) in Dar es Salaam
Benjamin Mkapa Hospital located at Dodoma, is the referral or VIP hospital
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